Author(s)
Title
Year
Vastag, Gyula2013
(2/2)
Keywords: conceptual / exact replications, editorial, evidence-based science, external / internal evidence, management, medicine, physical / social sciences,
 
Lynch, Thomas2013
(2/2)
Keywords: academic physicians, Canada, Health Resource Centre / Group, market principles, medical administrative elite / knowledge elite / rank and file, Medical Care Act / The Canada Health Act, medical sociology, Medicare Plan, private for-profit / public not-for-profit healthcare, public health policy / management,
Abstract: The extent to which health systems rely on for-profit mechanisms to deliver public health services varies and can be a source of tension for managers as well as politicians. Canada is generally understood to have a not-for-profit public health system that is frequently contrasted with that of the US, heavily reliant on market principles and price mechanisms. This article examines Canada’s public health system from the perspective of a single province—Alberta. In particular, this article examines Alberta’s various attempts to introduce private for-profit services into a seemingly public not-for-profit health system. It focuses on a case study of the demise of a private for-profit surgical facility and examines factors associated with its failure. Physicians are key actors in health systems. This article challenges assumptions held about physicians as policy actors and suggests that policy analysts and policy makers need to do a better job understanding the centrality of physicians for health policy outcomes.
 
Martin, Roderick2013
(2/2)
Keywords: Department of Health (DH), England, healthcare competition / cost effectiveness / innovation / management / objectives / roles and responsibilities / quality, market principles, National Health Service (NHS), organisational complexity / logic, patient choice, ‘permanently failing organisations’, private / publicly funded healthcare, The Health and Social Care Act 2012,
Abstract: This article outlines the radical management changes introduced by The Health and Social Care Act 2012 (HSCA) in the English National Health Service (NHS) in 2013 and discusses their possible effects on NHS as an organisation. This article argues that the HSCA reforms—designed to enhance market principles—represent a political solution to management problems, driven by financial and ideological priorities. Because of conflicting objectives, unclear distribution of authority, organisational complexity, and lack of sensitivity to the NHS’ historical culture and structure, the outcome may be a ‘permanently failing organisation’.
 
Lublóy, Ágnes2013
(2/2)
Keywords: commercial / professional information, diffusion of pharmaceutical innovations / early adoption of new drugs / new drug uptake, drug / patient / practice / prescriber characteristics, general practitioners (GPs), governments, pharmaceutical companies / industry, primary / secondary care, professional / socio-demographic characteristics, social networks, specialists,
Abstract: The diffusion of pharmaceutical innovations is a complex process. Its success is crucial for both pharmaceutical companies and patients and is determined by the marketing efforts of pharmaceutical companies, drug characteristics, government policies, and the behaviour of both medical professionals and patients. This article explores the literature on prescribing behaviours for factors influencing new drug uptake in both primary and secondary care. Four quantitatively measurable categories of variables are analysed in terms of prediction of early adoption—prescriber, patient, practice, and drug characteristics. Four major qualitatively accessible categories of variables are also analysed—the perceived attributes of new drugs, the role of professional information sources and evidence, the influence of commercial information sources, and the role of the social system. Although early adoption of new drugs is not a personal trait independent of drug type, early adopters do have some characteristics in common. Understanding the socio-demographic and professional characteristics of early adopters of new drugs—and the interactions among them—might speed up the diffusion process, promote cost-efficient prescribing habits, forecast utilisation, and develop targeted intervention strategies.
 
Martin, Roderick2013
(2/2)
Harris, Howell John2013
(2/2)
Keywords: business / industrial relations / labour / technology history, Cornell University, Detroit, England, graduate / undergraduate studies / research, Howell John Harris, PhD, University of Oxford, US, Wales,
 
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